Category Archives: Runes


Original meaning: Birth
New beginnings. Good news coming. A period of growth and fertility. Perhaps news of a child, or new arrival. Be careful and attentive to important issues at this time. Begin at once any projects you have been procrastinating over.

The rune Beorc represents motherhood and productivity. Where ??oh, the yew is a rune of death, Beorc is a rune of new birth. Many runesters interpret this rune as symbolizing the barren mother, but this is largely due to the vagueness of the words used in the Anglo-Saxon Rune Poem which many take to describe a poplar. However, a slightly different translation reveals the verse to describe the birch we know. Birch was used in Maypoles, and its leaves in bridal arrangements which mat indicate the rune is one of new birth. Beorc can indicate new birth or rebirth, a time of beauty and transcendence to almost the divine. Its qualities are those of spring, of flowers blooming forth, of young maidens in the spring atT??re. A few runesters interpret this rune as one of the barren mother, but this is not so, for the symbolism of the tree itself is strongly linked to springtime festivities. It is a rune of fertility, birth, and motherhood.

Beorc is also a rune of protection, in Medieval Europe birch twigs were used to drive away evil spirits and twigs of it hung over door ways. This protection is that of the loving mother or sister or lover. The feeling of safety a child gets when it lays its head on its mother’s bosom. It is also a rune of healing as it can be linked to the profession of mid wife, mid wives having been some of the best healers in ancient Europe.

In divination, Beorc may mean new growth, a time when motherly tenderness is called for. In spellwork, it can be used to ensure the safety of a child or adult, to promote new growth or healing.

To learn more about other runes, select from the list below:


Original meaning: Fire
Celebration. Love and success are strongly indicated. Great health and recovery from illness. Good things may be about to happen for you.

Cen is the rune of fire. Its Anglo-Saxon name means torch and the rune is therefore linked to all aspects of fire. Fire was seen by the ancient Northern Europeans as having warding and healing qualities. Food was passed over fire to bless it and cattle driven through the smoke of need fire to drive off pests and disease. In Medieval times, European nobles burned candles in their bedrooms at night to keep away evil spirits. Thus Cen is a rune of warding and defense, not to mention one of blessing. It is the opponent of disease and evil. It was also fire that sent such warriors as Beowulf off to the realms of the gods. This was the fire of cremation, which KveldolfR Gundarsson sees as a primary aspect of Cen (Gundarsson, Teutonic Magic, page 61).

It is also the rune of creation, the blacksmith’s fire, and here it hold’s much in common with the rune feoh. As symbolic of the blacksmith’s fire, Cen governs many of the creative energies of the artist and worker. While Os is the rune of divine inspiration, Cen is the raw energy needed to complete a task, the blood, sweat, and tears. Cen is also the rune of passion of flaming desire. And is Cen also controls many of the negative aspects of fire, its destructive qualities.

In divination, Cen can mean a need to be creative, to generate the energy needed to ensure one’s health. It can also indicate passions and desires. In spellwork it can be used as a rune of warding, or to set off creative energies.

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Original meaning: Growth
Clarity is realized. The situation improves. Success is indicated. Expect an extended period of prosperity. Growth is not rapid, but it is constant.

Daeg is the rune of daylight and the happiness associated with it. It has much in common with Jera, in that it reflects a cycle of nature, but this one is much shorter. Day can be seen as symbolic of a short though happy process of change. It can also be associated with the feeling of elation felt on warm sunny spring days. Many associate it with the principle of shamanic ecstasy, though it is probably more indicative of the burst of enthusiasm, of true joy, than it is any spiritual awakening. No doubt this sudden burst of enthusiasm may be due to a sudden realization, one that may be linked to the divine. In this sense, D??g may be related to the Christian principle of agape, the love for the divine sometimes felt when divine revelation is recieved.

Daeg however is only the last part of a process. The ancient Northern Europeans started the “day” with nightfall, so that by the time daybreak had come, half the cycle of light and darkness had passed. Daeg therefore represents something that must be achieved only by surviving the dark of the night. To see the light of day, one must first survive the darkness before dawn.

In divination, Daeg sometimes means a change for the better is about to take place. In magic it can be used to achieve happiness and intuitive thoughts.

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Original meaning: Change
Changes. Newcomers. Animals and movement are favored. Travel is indicated, perhaps relocation. Your instincts are correct regarding the situation.

Eh is another rune of movement, but unlike R??dd, the concern is the vehicle of movement, the war horse and all the symbolism surrounding it. Eh is a rune of motion, pride, joy, and confidence. It is the rune of pleasurable journeys. It is also a rune of cooperation like that between horse and rider. Some therefore see it as symbolic of marriage though the usual rune associated with that institution is Giefu. Eh can be symbolic of the fetch, one’s guardian spirit. In folklore the fetch often appears as a horse. And the fetch often aids the spellcaster on his or her journey.

Eh, like Wynn is a rune of harmony, of two things or people working together on a journey to achieve a common goal. This harmony includes working with others, pride in one’s partner, and communication. It is a rune of comfort, the creation of the contentness. It draws forth imagery of the road trip, a trip taken for the mere pleasure of it to quell restless feelings. Most of all, Eh is the ability to set forth on such a journey, it is the vehicle for travel. Eh is one of the runes linked to nobility, the others being C??n, T??r, and ??thel.

In divination, eh may refer to a period of cooperation, it can indicate marriage, but rarely one in the making. In addition, it can indicate a pleasurable journey or a period of well being. In spellwork, it can be used to contact one’s fetch or to ensure cooperation.

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Original meaning: Yew
Flexibility is indicated. Don’t borrow trouble. Some events are outside your control at the present time, however delays may be beneficial.

??oh reflects the quality of the European Yew, a tree that grows to great heights, is nearly indestructible, and has deep meaning for the peoples of Northern Europe. The wood of the yew was used in staves fashioned for protection against all forms of evil, and also in bows, a weapon that commonly was used to protect against the onslaught of an enemy charge. Beyond this however, the yew had deeper meanings, for many believe that the World Tree of ancient belief was a yew (though some said it was an ash). This would explain the use of yew trees in ancient European cemeteries and its connection in folklore to death. In order to reach the gods’ realms, the worthy dead would have to journey up the World Tree from our plane here on Earth. Eoh therefore can represent death, or the spiritual death and rebirth of the shaman who makes a similar journey while alive.

??oh also represents the ability to be hard and fast and ever on our guard against the “fire” that may damage us. By doing so we build strength deep within us so we appear rooted in any stand we make. ??oh gives us the ability to ward and defend ourselves just as the yew tree does.

The verse of the “Anglo-Saxon Rune Poem” for ??oh also contains the names of two other runes, Wynn and ????el. Usually when this occurs it indicates that the rune contains qualities of the runes mentioned in its verse. Eoh then, drawing on its own symbols and those of Wynn and ????el; could indicate the joy or ecstasy of death and rebirth in the estates of the gods.

In divination, Eoh can be a difficult rune to interpret. Nonetheless, it can indicate that a spiritual journey is about to be made or that psychic death may be in the making. In spellwork, it can be used as a rune of defense.

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Original meaning: Positive influence
Creativity and artistry are well favored. New career, or opportunities for advancement. You may be learning something new.

Eolh-secg is primarily know as the rune of defense, it is the rune of sacred ground, of sanctuary. It’s protection is passive, but brings forth painful results. The rune poem verse packs a warning, do not violate warded places. Eolh-secg is related to the concept of the sacred, that dedicated to the divine which cannot be violated. Eolh-secg invokes the divine’s protection, and can be used to communicate with the divine. Its rune verse is similar to that of Thorn’s, both being defensive runes. The primary difference however is while Thorn is geared to an active defense and can be used offensively, Eolh-secg is oriented towards passive protection. This passive protection is the protection of the gods and that which they make sacred.

This concept of the sacred is linked to the concept of w??h, that which more properly belongs to the realms of the gods and not that of the mundane world. W??h is a divine state, one that belongs to a higher plane. The alternative rune name Ealh was used of places that were also called in Old Norse v?? a word which derives from the proto-Germanic ancestor of the word w??h “sacred.” This linkage to the idea of the “sacred” brings with it the awe and fear of the divine, and herein rests the power of the rune Eolh-secg. For the uninitiated, or the unenlightened to attempt to touch the divine could result in dangerous consequences “burning with blood any man that tries to grab it.” Ancient Germanic law prescribed the death penalty for those that stole from temples or other holy sites or otherwise desecrated them.

In divination Eolh-secg may indicate a period of safety and security or a time when safety and security is called for, it could indicate contact with the divine or that divine protection is coming. In spellwork its primary use is related to defensive spells and warding. Its defense being passive, while Thorn’s is more aggressive.

To learn more about other runes, select from the list below:


Original meaning: Possessions
An inheritance. Money matters are favored. You may receive assistance from older relatives or long time friends.

Ethel (Ethel) is the rune of the household and the estate, its sentiment is summed up in the phrase “A man’s home is his castle.” It is the rune of the home life and the safety of the home. However, to keep this estate one must uphold what is right and keep the moral codes of the community. Ethel symbolizes the customs and morals of the tribe, its laws. It is also the rune of inheritance and of nobility. It is therefore linked to one’s hereditary traits as well as one’s personality traits brought about by their up bringing. This can be seen as part of one’s personal wyrd or that of the family or clan.

Ethel can also be seen as that type of m??gen which is linked to one place or group of people. Whereas other runes symbolize m??gen in general, the m??gen Ethel represents is tied to specific families. It is the might of ancestral homelands, of ancient clans. Whereas f??h represents mobile power, Ethel represents that power which is fixed, stable, and far more powerful in the long run.

It is the rune of the enclosure known as the tribe, a group of people banded together for mutual protection from the wilds outside. Ancient Northern Europe was sometimes a difficult place to survive, in many ways like the American frontier. Warfare with Celts and Romans and even with other Germanic tribes was often the case. Yet, one’s homeland was safe, a place where one was surrounded by a loving caring community. Yet this safety can only be kept as long as ancient customs and laws are observed, as long as what is right is done.

In divination, Ethel can indicate an inheritance either of a physical or spiritual nature. In spellwork, it can be used to enforce customary law or to protect one’s estate.

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Original meaning: Cattle.
Material Gain. Wealth, prosperity, security. New career opportunities, overcoming opposition.

Feoh is the power of domesticated cattle. The ancient Northern Europeans likemany peoples used cattle as a form of money in bartering. This power was later transferred to raw gold and jewelry and finally to coins. Today it can be seen in checking accounts and cash.

Feoh symbolizes all that money does; power, wealth, position. It is as many writers havestated symbolic of mobile power. This power has a good and a bad side. As stated in the “Anglo-Saxon Rune Poem,” it must be given out freely. Otherwise its power can lead to the greed and envy which lie behind the warnings in the Icelandic Rune Poem, “Fee is strife amongst kinsmen…” Thus feh is a two edged sword bringing favor from greater powers for those that give it away, strife and warfare for those that do not. It is no different today. feh is therefore linked to Giefu, the rune of giving in its good qualities and to thorn in its bad. It is also related to Mann which is also a two edged sword. All of these runes have exceptionally good qualities and bad ones, the difference being how we use them.

Feoh, because it is linked to gold, also symbolizes fire. In the poetic imagery of the ancient Northern Europeans, gold and fire are symbolically linked, fire being bright like gold, and the earliest form of mobile energy. Fire in the mythology of the ancient Northern Europeans is seen both as creative and destructive. It is the fire that the blacksmith uses to beat out farming implements, and the fire that destroys forests. Even in its destructive aspects, fire brings forth new birth, as many plants on the American prairie have been found to need fire to germinate their seeds. It can also been seen as a person’s spiritual strength. The final line of the poem refers specifically to the casting of rune lots, and how in order to cast runes one must first win the favor of the dryhten or “lord.” In ancient times this would have been Woden whose title in Old Norse was Drottin, cognate to Old English dryhten.

In divination, feoh can mean that money is going to be received or it can be a warning against greed. Often it indicates one will be in a position to generate wealth. Usually, feoh carries its good and bad sides with it, where wealth is received some of it must be given away. In the ancient lore only dragons hoarded wealth. Good kings were called “ring givers” or “givers of gold.” In spellwork it can be used to generate wealth or mobile power.

To learn more about other runes, select from the list below:


Original meaning: Harvest
Ending and renewal. A change bringing future growth. Events will unfurl at their own pace.

The rune gear is the rune of the harvest, the reaping of one’s labors. It is also a rune of divine aid or the cooperation from the forces of nature. It is the marriage of the sky and the earth, the rains and the soil that along with Man’s labors brings about fruits from the soil. This line of thought goes beyond mere agriculture however, and can be applied to nearly any undertaking in life, a project at work, a relationship leading to marriage, the birth of a child. On an esoteric level, Gear represents the completion of a project and the labor that went into it. It also represents the cycles of nature, and reflects the cycles we go through to accomplish great deeds. Gear can reflect gradual growth or change, development of something from beginning to end in a slow process.

G??ar also reflects the natural cycles of Wyrd, the laws of Wyrd that governs the growth of plant life, the endless cycle of death in the fall and rebirth in the spring. The lesson of Gear is that no state is eternal, the world is ever changing, and there is no set uniform universe, only the uniform laws of cyclical change that govern it.

In divination,Gear can indicate a project is about to come to fruition, or that it may take a cycle to complete. In spellwork it can be used to reap the benefits of hard labor.

To learn more about other runes, select from the list below:


Original meaning: Gift
A gift – either physical, or an opportunity offered to you. A partnership or other positive commitment is indicated.

Giefu is the rune of gifts and giving. Giving was seen not only as a duty in early Germanic culture, but a necessity, and this verse reflects that. Gifts and giving was for the average man, happiness, praise, support, and a sense of self respect. To those in exile, gifts restored honor, for to receive a gift intimated a bond like that between knight and king, which was very important to the lordless outlaw. Of course, for those with less, slaves and such, gifts were their only means of survival. Giefu governs the law of giving, which states there must be an equal exchange of all things exchanged. Every gift calls for something in return. This gift in return need not a physical one, it can be in the form of acts of kindness or other good deeds or gifts of knowledge. Giefu also governs the exchange of energies, the exchange of m??en.

Gifts were exchanged between lord and vassal, husband and wife, and those making peace.It represented the exchange of m??gen and created a bond between two people or groups of people. Giving also governs the hospitality of the home and sacrifices made either to the divine or in one’s own life. It is the giving up of something in order to receive something else. Giefu is the rune of the ultimate exchange, that of love between two people in marriage for which no sacrifice is too great, it therefore represents the state of marriage.

Giefu governs the law of giving, that is it governs the exchange of spiritual energy. Failure to return gift for gift or the deliberate theft of something, be it a piece of jewelry or human life results in a scyld, the obligation to repay a debt owed. Failure to repay this debt can result in a loss of main.

In divination, Giefu represents any sort of exchange, while in spell work it can be used to bring about such an exchange.

To learn more about other runes, select from the list below: