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Gaia/Tellus Gaia is Mother Earth, and Grandmother of the Olympians. She was mother to Rhea, whose son was Zeus. She is an early earth goddess born from Chaos, as was Eros. She gave birth to Pontus and Uranus, without outside help, but then bore the Titans with Uranus as their father. She also gave birth to the Cyclopes, the Hecatonchires, the Erinyes. The Gigantes (Giants) and the Furies were conceived after Uranus had been castrated by his son Cronus (at the request of Gaia), and his blood fell to earth from the open wound. The Earth then becamce separated from the Sky (Uranus).
After that, Gaia gave birth to other offspring, this time fathered by Pontus (The Sea). They were the sea-god Nereus, Thaumas, Phorcys, Ceto and Eurybia.
It is also stated in some mythology that Gaia had offspring to her brother Tartarus; they were Echidna and Typhon.
Gaia saved Zeus, her grandson, from being swallowed by Cronus, who had been informed that one of his children would depose him, and so to get rid of his children he had swallowed them.
Through Gaias trickery, Zeus was saved. In Roman mythology she was known as Tellus or Terra. She is seen as the essence of primordial life, and of the Earth itself.
Hestia/Vesta Firstborn daughter of Cronus and Rhea. Sworn to remain a virgin forever, she is the Goddess of ordinary folk, and rises above of politics and quarrels. She teaches the values of family life and the rewards of hard work. Hestia never took human form, so no statues were ever made of her. Hestia was seen only in the fire of the home hearth, treated as an honored guest and helpful to her hosts. As the hearth goddess, Hestia symbolized family unity. As goddess of the public hearth, she embodied the social contract. A virgin forever, she tends the Eternal Flame on Mount Olympus.
Inanna/Ishtar Inanna (also known as Istar, and Ninanna) is the goddess of love, fertility, and war.
She is frequently shown with bow and arrow, naked or simply clad in long robes with a crown on her head and an eight-rayed star as her symbol.
She travels to the realm of the dead and claimed dominian over it, however, her sister Ereshkigal, the ruler of the realm of the dead, sentenced her to death. As Inanna died, nature died with her and nothing would grow anymore. Enki intervened and decreed that she could be reborn if another person took her place. She chose her consort Dumuzi, who from then on ruled the underworld for six months of the year.
The similarities between Inannas descent into the realm of the dead and the Goddess Persephones journey into Hades is striking, and it would be useful for anyone wishing to honor Inanna to also study Persephone.
Odin Odin, the all-father, commanded the Valkyries, who carried out his orders on the battlefield unquestioningly. He lost his eye drinking from the well of Mimir, which made him eternally wise. He hung himself on the tree Yggdrasil for nine days in order to obtain the secret of the runes. He is the god of War, and of wisdom. His steed, Sleipnir, had eight hooves and was the swiftest of all stallions. He was also the God of Poetry because he was able to steal the "Poets mead" which was from the divine source.